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  • Páginas 9 pag.
  • Publicación
    16 de Noviembre

Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Por: Consuelo Uribe Mallarino, Liany Katerin Ariza and Jaime Ramirez Moreno

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In this article, we present the results of a qualitative study on representations of social classes and social mobility between classes. The self-identified middle-class group attributes itself positive characteristics such as perseverance, entrepreneurship, work ethic, and consecration to an improvement plan. Staying in the middle class is perceived as a constant struggle to survive in an adverse economic, political and social context. The social relations between the classes are perceived as highly differentiated, with little mixture and a net desire to demarcate one from the others.

Listado de publicaciones

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  • Páginas Páginas: 41 pag.
  • Publicación
    1 Sep 2017

Universidad de los Andes Facultad Ciencias Sociales Por: Michael Rodríguez Muñiz

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In recent decades, the sociology of the state has become engrossed in the relationship between knowledge and modern statecraft. Heeding recent calls for “society-centered” approaches, this article investigates the role of nonstate leaders in the production of state knowledge. It takes up the following question: How have nonstate leaders (i.e., civil leaders and community advocates) contributed to what James Scott has termed “state legibility”? While historical traces suggest that these actors have worked to lessen opposition to state projects, this activity remains empirically understudied and conceptually underdeveloped. Addressed to this problem, this article introduces the concept of consent building and proposes an analytic approach that focuses on the motivations of nonstate leaders, the obstacles of noncompliance they confront, and the persuasive tactics used to foster public cooperation. To illustrate the purchase of this approach, it presents a case study of local Latino promoters of the 2010 U.S. census. This analysis reveals how nonstate leaders can enable, rather than impede, the capacity to “see like a state.”

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  • Páginas Páginas: 27 pag.
  • ISSN 1470–2266
  • Publicación
    1 Ene 2017

Universidad de los Andes Facultad Ciencias Sociales Por: Tatiana Andia, Nitsan Chorev

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In this article, we examine three different cases in which health activists lobbied the World Health Organization and its member states to regulate the marketing practices of multinational companies. The campaign against tobacco manufacturers resulted in a binding treaty; the campaign against manufacturers of infant formula resulted in a non-binding code of conduct; and the campaign against pharmaceutical manufacturers failed. We show that existing arguments regarding the success of global social movements and transnational advocacy networks fail to explain the divergent outcomes in these three cases. Instead, we argue that the effectiveness of global advocacy in these cases depended on the level of perceived legitimacy of the knowledge supporting the advocates’ claims and on the prestige of the experts participating in the campaigns.

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  • Páginas Páginas: 744 pag.
  • ISBN ISBN: 978-958-784-355-2
  • DOI Ir a DOI
  • Publicación
    14 Ene 2020

Universidad del Rosario Por: Wilson Alejandro Martínez Sánchez

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Esta obra estudia el trastorno mental como circunstancia excluyente de responsabilidad penal, para explicar por qué es tan difícil establecer la inimputabilidad por trastorno mental, a quién corresponde esa decisión, cómo operan en ella el principio in dubio pro reo y la carga de la prueba. Así, a lo largo de cinco capítulos reconstruye la evolución histórica de los métodos dominantes para su determinación en el proceso penal, se ocupa de explicar el método mixto como doctrina más aceptada actualmente, describe los procedimientos y criterios a los que la comunidad psiquiátrica reconoce valor científico e introduce algunos elementos tomados de la teoría de la acción comunicativa y de la teoría de los sistemas para abordar el estudio de la determinación de la inimputabilidad desde afuera del derecho y la psiquiatría. De este modo, a partir de esos elementos, reconstruye el proceso de formación de la decisión sobre la inimputabilidad por trastorno mental y explica cómo se relacionan el sistema jurídico y el sistema de salud, mediante una exposición acerca de las condiciones mínimas que debería tener un buen procedimiento enfocado en ello.

 

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  • Páginas Páginas: 37 pag.
  • Publicación
    1 Ene 2019

trabajo colectivo Por: Javier Corredor, María José Álvarez, Carolina Maldonado

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This article explores the black box of college adaptation and social integration of low SES students entering higher education under a forgivable loans program. It does so by studying a context of extreme educational and economic inequality. The magnitude of this study offers an unprecedented window to observe interactions between different social classes in college.

Drawing on two different fieldworks, this study is based on 19 focal groups in 8 cities and 12 universities, and in an in-depth study of one elite university.

Results show that low SES students actively mobilize different types of personal resources to integrate to the college environment, but they face strong objective and symbolic barriers. Results show also that regular students, on occasion, act as cultural guides for low SES students, helping them in the process of college adaption, and that colleges’ characteristics and diversity influence beneficiaries’ social integration and well-being.

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  • Páginas Páginas: 33 pag.
  • Publicación
    24 Ene 2020

Universidades públicas - convenio Ford Por: Javier Corredor, Felipe González Arango, Carolina Maldonado Carreño

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This article estimates the effects on depressive symptoms, family relationships, social support, and academic self-efficacy of participating in a forgivable loan program, using an instrumental variable (IV) estimation strategy. In particular, we estimate local average treatment effects (LATE) of program participation on these variables, using program eligibility as an instrument. In this case, estimation needs to account for endogeneity, given that not all eligible students decided to participate in the program and that variables affecting the decision to participate in the program might be related to the psychological variables being evaluated. We found negative effects on all the psychological variables. Additionally, we found that program participants were significantly more likely to move and attend elite, accredited, and more expensive universities, which explains the observed psychological symptoms. Results are interpreted in terms of the pressures that non-traditional students receiving financial aid face when adapting to college.

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  • Páginas Páginas: 38 pag.
  • Publicación
    1 Jun 2014

Universidad del Norte Por: Roberto Angulo, Alejandro Gaviria, Liliana Morales

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This paper studies the recent evolution of life conditions in Colombia with an emphasis in the rise of the middle class. Between 2002 and 2011, household real income increased 36%, the middle class went from 16% to 27% of the total population, and the poverty rate dropped from 50% to 34%. At the same time, households across all social groups improved their life conditions in several dimensions: education, health, housing and employment, etc. Despite the progress, the size of the middle class in Colombia is still smaller than in other countries in Latin America, and many middle class households have not overcome the long-term problems of labor informality and deficient human capital.