Documento CEDE No.23 2017: How Is the Trade-off between Adverse Selection and Discrimination Risk Affected by Genetic Testing? Theory and Experiment

We compare two genetic testing regulations, Disclosure Duty (DD) and Consent Law (CL), in an environment where individuals choose to take a genetic test or not. DD forces agents to reveal the test results to their insurers, resulting in a discrimination risk. CL allows agents to withhold that information, generating adverse selection. We complement our model with an experiment.

Documento CEDE No.21 2017: I evade taxes, and so what? A new database and evidence from Colombia

Tax evasion lies at the core of the relationship between citizens and the state: it reflects the level of trust in the state and compliance with society's implicit `social contract'. However, empirically analyzing it is challenging, with few direct and reliable measures. This has hampered the advancement of the theoretical and empirical literature, which is especially underdeveloped in the case of indirect tax evasion.

Documento CEDE No.20 2017: I sell my vote, and so what? A new database and evidence from Colombia

Exchanging one's vote for particularistic benefits - practices usually grouped under `clientelism' - is often thought to weaken programmatic links between citizens and politicians and disincentivize public good provision, as well as undermine voter autonomy and the ideal role of elections. However, empirically analyzing this key phenomenon for the working of democracies entails formidable challenges.

Documento CEDE No.19 2017: Forming State through Land Reform Policy: The Dynamics of Baldío Allocation in Peripheral Colombia

This paper analyses land policy when the state lacks the monopoly of legitimate violence (MLV) through a territory. I use historical data for Colombia to empirically assess the dynamics through which the central state allocates land in such a scenario. I argue that colonization processes directed towards peripheral areas with lack of the MLV induces the state to attempt building capacity using land policy. Public goods nevertheless do not follow. I use an instrumental variable strategy in order to examine these hypotheses.

Documento CEDE-CESED No.10 2017: El Consumo de drogas en Colombia: Una reflexión desde el derecho internacional de los derechos humanos

Para los Estados y los Organismos Internacionales, una de las principales preocupaciones es hallar un balance entre la persecución del delito de tráfico de estupefacientes y el respeto al Derecho Internacional de los Derechos Humanos. En este sentido, el presente artículo pretende analizar si existen unos estándares internacionales sobre la protección de los derechos de los consumidores de drogas y sustancias psicoactivas en el Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos y el Sistema Universal de Derechos Humanos y si estos se han implementado en la legislación colombiana del Siglo XXI.

Oro como fortuna. Instituciones, capital social y gobernanza de la minería aurífera colombiana

La Universidad EAFIT ha venido consolidando un programa sistemático de investigación alrededor de la pregunta por la economía política de la periferia colombiana. En particular, desde el Centro de Análisis Político —adscrito al Departamento de Gobierno y Ciencias Políticas— se han abordado asuntos de narcotráfico, madera, oro y poder político.

Documento CEDE-CESED No.18 2017: Entender y combatir el crimen: modelo de comportamiento criminal basado en la provisión de información

Las ciudades de Colombia mantienen índices altos de delito a pesar del aumento del gasto en defensa y seguridad. Este trabajo propone y analiza la provisión de información como una estrategia de bajo costo que puede ser efectiva para la disuasión del crimen. Para mostrar su efectividad, desarrollamos un juego dinámico con información imperfecta entre Autoridad y Criminal. En este juego la Autoridad debe decidir si asignar o no un policía a un área determinada y si enviar o no una señal. Por su lado, el Criminal solo observa la señal y debe decidir si comete el crimen o no.

Documento CEDE No.17 2017: Impact of a Judicial System Reform on Police Behavior: Evidence on Juvenile Crime in Colombia

This paper uses a natural experiment to identify the impact of a judicial system reform on police behavior. The study finds that, after a decrease in the severity of judicial punishment imposed on Colombian adolescents, arrest rates for adolescents in most misdemeanor crimes decreased due to a change in police behavior. The magnitude of this effect ranged between 0.08 to 0.321 standard deviations. The uncertainty on how to operate the new system, the lack of training, and the potential disciplinary sanctions led police officials to reduce arrest rates.

Documento CEDE No.16 2017: When Ignorance is Bliss: Theory and Experiment on Collective Learning

When do groups and societies choose to be uninformed? We study a committee that needs to vote on a reform which will give every member a private state- dependent payoff. The committee can vote to learn the state at no cost. We show that the committee decides not to learn the state when preferences are more fractionalized on the state-relevant dimension than on the state-irrelevant dimension. Hence, decisions on divisive issues are likely to be made in haste, and heterogeneous societies tend to seek less information. A simple laboratory experiment confirms key results.

Documento CEDE No.15 2017: Transferencias Monetarias Condicionadas y desempeño académico: ¿Escogen las familias beneficiarias mejores colegios?

La literatura reciente sobre Transferencias Monetarias Condicionadas ha encontrado efectos positivos de los programas sobre variables educativas: la permanencia de los niños en los colegios, la asistencia y la progresión escolar (Attanasio, 2005; Baez & Camacho, 2011; De Brauw et al., 2015). Sin embargo, existe poca evidencia acerca de los mecanismos que pueden explicar tales resultados. El presente trabajo evalúa diferentes mecanismos.